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Proposal: Corruption

Corruption is Nigeria's biggest challenge. It's clear to every citizen that the county has an extremely high level of corruption. Nigeria, which is the most populated country in Africa, has consistently been ranked high in corruption by Transparency International and other notable organizations that monitor corrupt practices around the world.

The Issue

Problem Defined

Corruption is a dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery. It is the illegitimate use of power to benefit a private interest (Morris 1991). Corruption is the offering of a bribe to an official so that the truth will be hidden. It involves the embezzlement of public funds for personal use, and any act that is considered to be criminal in nature according to the law of a particular society.

Background
Expand all bullets
1.
Illiteracy and Poor EducationMORE

People of low class in the country, are being used by corrupt politicians in the country because they are illiterates, and cannot resist themselves from helping in the corrupt act, as they have already been given some token to satisfy their immediate need. 

2.
PovertyMORE

The poor engage in corrupt practices out of desperation, but the only people who benefit in the long run are those already in power. It's no coincidence that the most corrupt countries often have the poorest citizens, or are otherwise ravished by war and violence. 80% of Africans live on less than $2 a day. In 2010, the United Nations estimated that 239 million people in sub-Saharan Africa were undernourished. When the poor do not have what they will eat, they are forced to make money through cut-corners which are corrupt.

3.
UnemploymentMORE

The unemployed are more likely to succumb to illegal ways of making money out of desperation. Many internet scammers and other grifters engage in this type of activity because they lack the opportunity to make legitimate gains. How do the countries with the highest rates of unemployment fare on the corruption scale?

4.
GreedMORE

This is on the side of those who instigate the corrupt act. Some people who engage in corruption, do not engage because they are illiterate, they engage because of their greed and selfishness.

5.
Weak GovernmentsMORE

They lack strong-willed or impartial anti-corruption agencies, and such agencies can easily be swallowed into corruption themselves. When such agencies are honest, their work is slow. In the worst cases, leaders staff anti-corruption agencies with their friends. The impotence of governments in the face of corruption is mimicked in the private sector.

6.
Unequal Distribution of Resources:MORE

When resources in the country are not distributed equal among every states, leaders of those states may find it difficult to do what they are supposed to do in their states. Coupled to this, people will be forced to engage in corrupt practices, as that is the only way to get the resources or wealth from the central government.

7.
Inactive Government enforcement agencies:MORE

There are a lot of government enforcement agencies in the country that were created to fight corruption, but are inactive.  

Sources
2.
15 Ways to Tackle Corruption in Nigeria

Victor Usif - InfoGuideNigeria (February 16, 2017)

https://infoguidenigeria.com/tackle-corruption/

The ideas expressed on the site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else.

4.
Corruption: Causes and Solutions

Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (Uzochukwu Mike) - SoapBoxie (October 16, 2019)

https://soapboxie.com/world-politics/corruption-solutionandcuses

They are a site created by political and social enthusiasts that are passionate about government and civic issues—sharing their unique expertise and knowledge

Go deeper
1.
Overcoming Nigeria’s Crippling Threat of Corruption

Ryan Musser - CIPE (February 14, 2019)

https://www.cipe.org/blog/2019/02/14/overcoming-nigerias-crippling-threat-of-corruption/

A world where democracy delivers the freedom and opportunity for all to prosper.

Economic and political freedom are essential to deliver universal opportunity for prosperity. A democracy delivers for its citizens when the rule of law, public participation in policymaking, and a level economic playing field exist.

2.
The Impact of Corruption on Economic Growth and Cultural Values in Nigeria

Jorji A Nwogu and Victor Ushahemba Ijirshar - International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences (November 28, 2016)

https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/the-impact-of-corruption-on-economic-growth-and-cultural-values-in-nigeria-a-need-for-value-reorientation-2162-6359-1000388.php?aid=84416

OMICS International is an Open Access publisher and leading science event organizer. With its Open access journals and worldwide conferences, claims an important position in the global scientific research scenario.

3.
Decades of corruption have held Nigeria back — it’s time for change

Ani, Nwachukwu Agwu - apolitical (Invalid date)

https://apolitical.co/solution_article/decades-of-corruption-have-held-nigeria-back-its-time-for-change/

Whether we like or dislike government, love it or despair of it, most of us can agree that government plays a critical role in solving our hardest challenges, the need for better cyber security, and the urgency of adapting to a world where an algorithm is chasing your job.

Authors

Nigerian-born immigrant who moved to the U.S. with family at the age of 14. Currently a freshman at the Allegany College of Maryland, majoring in medical assistant, in hope to become a Physician Assistant in the future. A student in sociology, which brought about the research project, where I had to look up a community problem in hometown. My hometown, being Nigeria, I decided to research about corruption in the country, how it affects the people and government, which brought me here, creating a proposal for my research.



Oluwafikemi Sowoolu
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The Solution

Proposed Actions
Expand all bullets
1.
EducationMORE

The provision of education is important that it can take precautions and preventive measures to avoid the consequences of corruption. If the continent can produce business leaders who are able to identify and act against different forms of corruption, it will make a huge difference to economic growth and the successful implementation of the sustainable development goals.

2.
Pay Living Wages to EmployeesMORE

Employees live on salaries. If the salary is poor, this will make some of them to find other ways (i.e. collect bribes) to make ends meet. 

3.
Strengthen Government Agencies MORE

We should strengthen government agencies such as Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC) and Code of Conduct Bureau, with the powers to tackle corruption.

4.
Provide InfrastructureMORE

To tackle corruption of security forces, government should make other means of transportation functional so that there will be few uniformed men on our roads. Even the airport and seaport, is no better.

5.
Employment CreationMORE

The government and powerful individuals should work together to create jobs for the masses. Those countries that lack technological development should invite other countries and private companies to help them build their technological infrastructure

Expected Results
Expand all bullets
1.
CoorperationMORE

The government and people should work together to better the country. to face the problems heads on and talk about how each individual should contribute to helping each other, and the government should change the structure, making sure to put more responsible people in office, and people that are willing to make sacrifices for the people.

Budget

For these actions to be enforced, there will be a need for more than one billion dollars. Providing access for children to attend school without any financial difficulties. For there to be better roads that will be constantly maintained. For there to be more hands-on experiences and equipment to utilize, for there to be more jobs created to give people chances to learn and gain experiences. For there to be more well paid professions to motivate people to gain education, knowing that they would acquire a job at the end.

The Conversation

3 months ago
Corruption in Nigeria. The government doesn’t take care of the people, which results in poverty, inequality, poor education which leads to inexperienced graduates in jobs, or even unemployment due to limited job opportunities.
The government structure is corrupt, making it difficult to choose good people that want the best for the people, instead of stealing the resources and funds. I have not personally experienced the result due to the type of family I was born into and the connections my family had. My family was seen as middle-classed, my parents made enough money for my siblings and I to attend private schools and get good education, but with the connections, we were able to get the police to a situation that happened a couple of years ago. The security in Nigeria isn’t good, there are no police that want to work without getting bribed, and there is no ambulance to transfer you to the hospital in times of need. There are a lot of riots and disagreements that result in people hurting and killing themselves. I have heard my mum talking to her siblings on the phone about the things that happen, and it’s sad. People that don’t know about the country but get their perception of the place by just watching the news, think that the people are poor, and the country is a disaster.


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